The Aviation Historian: The modern journal of classic aeroplanes and the history of flying

The Aviation Historian
The Aviation Historian
The modern journal of classic aeroplanes and the history of flying
Current edition cover

Issue 36: out now

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Issue 37 will be published on
October 15, 2021

Chappedelaine’s rotary-wing Aérogyre

Revolutionary, but not in a good way: de Chappedelaine’s Aérogyre of 1934

4-gun Boulton Paul turret fitted to an Armstrong Whitworth Albermarle

Why did the RAF persist with 0·303in “pop-guns” well into World War Two?

Thomas Scott Bsalwin at thecontrols of a Curtiss-built biplane

Japan here we come! How American pioneers took flying to the Far East

Douglas C-54B with additional canopy fitted on top of the cockpit roof.

Why’s that C-54 got a fighter cockpit planted on top of its flightdeck?

About the current issue

Welcome to The Aviation Historian, the print and digital quarterly journal for seasoned enthusiasts who want to explore the lesser-known paths of flying history. Our 36th issue, available now, provides plenty of fresh perspectives on familiar subjects, and introduces new ones which we bet you are unlikely to have heard of before.

We begin with our cover story. Seventy years ago, on July 20, 1951, Sqn Ldr Neville Duke lifted the shapely prototype Hawker P.1067 from the runway at Boscombe Down for its maiden flight, prefacing the long, illustrious history of the Hunter, described by its designer Sydney Camm as “my most beautiful aeroplane”. Not only did the type become one of Britain’s most enduringly popular post-war military aircraft (with pilots and public alike), it was also a commercial success, being exported to 22 nations over a career spanning more than six decades.

Nearly 30 years after that first flight, Switzerland, which had acquired its first Hunter Mk 58 interceptors in 1958, saw life in the old dog yet, and resolved to teach it new tricks as a ground-attacker. Thus was the elegant fighter reconfigured to carry contemporary cutting-edge air-to-ground weaponry as part of the Flugwaffe’s “Hunter 80” programme. Using declassified Swiss tactical documents and his own stunning air-to-air photography, Peter Lewis opens a two-part series on the programme in celebration of the 70th birthday of this most adaptable – and exquisitely graceful – Cold War icon.

Firepower of another era comes to the fore in A Question of Calibre, armament specialist Mark Russell’s major article explaining exactly why the RAF persisted in using comparatively weedy 0·303in machine-gun ammunition well into World War Two, instead of the considerably punchier 0·50in bullets used by the USA.

A different kind of power – this time political – is under the spotlight in The Westland Affair, Prof Keith Hayward’s dissection of the notorious events of 1985–86, which centred on the Yeovil-based helicopter manufacturer and nearly spelt curtains for Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative government. Utimately, though, it led to the globalisation of the UK’s defence industrial base.

We were much saddened to hear of the death of our old friend, author, pilot and renowned airshow commentator Melvyn Hiscock after a long battle with cancer, on February 20, 2021. As anyone who met him will know, his enthusiasm was infectious and his knowledge both broad and deep. At the time of his death, Melvyn had just completed an article on a “what-if” concerning long-range photo-reconnaissance Spitfires for us, and we present it here in tribute to a longstanding friend and one of aviation’s “true believers”. Blue skies, Melv.

On a happier note, other articles in the current issue examine Imperial Airways flying-boat travel in the 1930s (sounds luxurious, but mostly wasn’t); early American aviators touring Japan; the remarkable story of Peru’s de facto national airline; the US Strategic Air Command’s use of Boeing RB-29 Superfortresses in developing its global reconnaissance capability; and features on two eccentric Frenchmen – one of whom built an aircraft with rotating wings (spinning not like a helicopter rotor but around their own spanwise axis, that is), and another who built an Edwardian flying house. So, having stowed the crockery and shut the cat flap, it’s away we go . . .

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Nick Stroud, Editor

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